Diabetes is a disease of the body’s sugar-regulation abilities. Most of the time it goes undiagnosed because the symptoms aren’t very clear. There are several symptoms, but they do not appear in all scenarios. The symptoms include frequent urination (polyuria), which happens due to the high glucose levels.
High blood sugar levels
These levels lead to an overflow of sugar from the kidneys, carrying the fluid along with it. Because there’s a continuous loss of body fluid through urination there’s a constant thirsty feeling (polydipsia). Diabetes is usually accompanied by sudden weight loss, due to the body not having the ability to use the available glucose to create energy. This can lead to the person being hungry during the day (polyphagia), which contributes to fatigue and weakness.
In diabetes the high sugar levels don’t permit some of the body cells and cells to operate normally; consequently, it can lead to poor or blurry vision. This also results in the diminishing of the lens of the eye due to excess glucose. A diabetic person is prone to fungal and yeast infections, since these organisms can survive nicely in cells, which could not use sugar themselves, and for that reason have a large quantity of additional food for the yeast and parasites to grow. There’s also a tingling sensation or tingling in the hands and feet, which heightens at night.
The skin of a diabetic person gets very dry and flaky as a result of excessive loss of water, resulting in dehydration. This situation may also result in the individual going into a coma. As the simple body fuel, sugar, can’t be converted to energy, the individual appears to be very tired and lethargic the majority of the time.
Also it takes a long time for any sores, cuts or wounds to heal in a person suffering from diabetes. They’re also quite prone to infections, because the immune system is quite weak. Some patients also experience pain in the legs while walking (claudication). There’s also a constant itchy sensation (pruritis) in some diabetics.
Though the symptoms are many, it’s quite hard to say for certain that you’re a diabetic just on the basis of those symptoms, since these symptoms aren’t exclusive to diabetics. Therefore, to learn if you’re diabetic, it’s a good idea to consult a medical doctor if any of these signs are seen, so he can lead you in the correct direction.