Stem cells are the cause of so many successful clinical trials for decades. It’s not only been shown to be effective for over 80 diseases and ailments, but it has also been responsible for various amazing stories. Lucy Hinchion has this inspiring story. She’s the youngest child in history, that has received her own umbilical cord blood to prevent or delay the incidence of Type 1 diabetes. And she was only 20 months old, once the procedure was conducted .
How does Type 1 diabetes occur in children? The incidence of Type 1 diabetes starts with autoantibodies. These are proteins that are produced by the immune system of the body. If the protein exists in anybody blood, it implies that the beta cells in the pancreas which help produce insulin, are affected. The entire process might result in an autoimmune attack. Some of these autoantibodies may be tracked during the bloodstream months while others are found years before the diabetes happens.
Umbilical cord blood is a rich source of stem cells but in exactly the same time it’s the toughest to collect. It can only be collected after child birth from the umbilical cord of the new born. Because of this, parents will need to contact a private cord blood bank to store the umbilical cord blood immediately after arrival. Even a 1 day’s delay can’t be considered.
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The process is complete safe both for the mother and the child. Once the cord blood is collected, it should experience a clinical procedure to isolate the stem cells in the immune cells. These stem cells are unique in character. They have the capacity to fix and replace damaged organs and tissues. And once saved, these stem cells can be used in almost any transplant of any relative.
Lucy’s mother, Sonya Hinchion also expected that after they shop Lucy’s umbilical cord blood, they would be able to secure Lucy’s elder sister, Ava’s life, who had been suffering from Type 1 diabetes because four decades old. However, little did she know that Lucy would require those stem cells over anybody else. After studying, Sonya found out that Lucy was positive for 2 antibodies which introduced her at high risk of developing the illness more than anybody.
Regarding the transplant, Sonya verified that it was a fairly simple and straightforward procedure. She said,”You’re putting all your eggs in 1 basket but without doing this trial and without putting yourself out there, we are never going to learn. Another risk is, she develops diabetes and you will kick yourself for not trying.” Professor Maria Craig, the head of the CORD research, follows Lucy every 3 to 6 weeks and could keep up the follow up session to another 3 decades.